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Exclusive: News of the World ‘ordered burglary’ – Crime – UK – The Independent

‘Detectives have evidence which suggests that a notorious private detective agency carried out a burglary while working for the News of the World.’

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/exclusive-news-of-the-world-ordered-burglary-8145238.html

Takeaways from the Lehrer and Zakaria Plagiarism Scandals, ithenticate

‘How serious are the Lehrer and Zakaria plagiarism cases? Listen to this lively discussion between Jason Chu at Turnitin and Jonathan Bailey at Plagiarism Today for observations of both journalists, thoughts on their futures, and ways journalists can best avoid plagiarism.’

http://www.ithenticate.com/plagiarism-checker-blog/bid/86461/Takeaways-from-the-Lehrer-and-Zakaria-Plagiarism-Scandals

Supreme Court of India rules that reporting of court hearings can be postponed, text of judgment

In a new and significant judgment affecting, and seeming to detract from, freedom of the press and the other news media, the Supreme Court of India has laid down a constitutional principle whereby aggrieved parties can seek from appropriate courts postponement of the publication of court hearings and a decision can be taken on a case-by-case basis. However, ‘such orders of postponement should be for short duration and should be applied only in cases of real and substantial risk of prejudice to the proper administration of justice or to the fairness of trial’. The Supreme Court’s judgment claimed that fairness apart, ‘the principle underlying postponement orders is that it prevents possible contempt’ by the media — and must be understood not as a punitive but as a preventive and even protective measure.

A five-judge bench headed by Chief Justice S.H. Kapadia expounded the constitutional limitations on freedom of speech and expression guaranteed as a fundamental right in Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution in the context of other constitutional provisions and in relation to contempt law. However, it refrained from framing broad guidelines for reporting of sub-judice court matters, saying this could not be done ‘across the board’.

Reiterating the well-known position that freedom of speech and expression is not an absolute right under the Constitution, the Supreme Court observed that journalists should understand the ‘lakshman rekha’ so that they do not cross the line of contempt.

The apprehension is that this could open the floodgates to attempts by all kinds of affected or ‘aggrieved’ parties — notably, big corporate houses or powerful politicians able to field hotshot lawyers — to obtain gag orders on reporting court proceedings that are embarrassing to them or detrimental to their image.

pdf iconSupreme Court of India, media coverage judgment.pdf

Politics on Social Networking Sites in United States, PewInternet findings

Main finding: ‘Political material on social networking sites plays a modest role ininfluencing most users’ views and political activities’.
Link to press release; full report in pdf:

http://pewinternet.org/Press-Releases/2012/Politics-on-Social-Networking-Sites.

(Courtesy Sara Goo, Senior Digital Editor at Pew Research Center: @sarakgoo)

pdf iconPIP_PoliticalLifeonSocialNetworkingSites.pdf

UFRaw

UFRaw (http://ufraw.sourceforge.net) is a free and open source software to “read and manipulate raw images from digital cameras.” UFRaw can be used on its own or as a plug-in for GIMP, a free/open source replacement for photoshop.

The advantage of using UFRaw is that it can read a variety of RAW file formats and you would not need to change your software when you use different cameras.

James Meek · How We Happened to Sell Off Our Electricity · LRB 13 September 2012

James Meek · How We Happened to Sell Off Our Electricity · LRB 13 September 2012.

“Does it matter that the power Britain relies on to make the country glow and hum no longer belongs to Britain? After all, the lights still shine. The phones still charge.”

An article that assesses the Thatcher legacy of privatisation of the power industry almost thirty years later.

The truth about Sachin Tendulkar — ‘pace a worry’ in his twilight, Martin Crowe in espncricinfo

Martin Crowe, one of the world’s leading batsman in his time, offers a thoughtful analysis of the significance of a ‘striking moment’ in the twilight of Sachin Tendulkar’s 23 years in international cricket — his ‘instant angry reaction’ to being beaten by sheer pace and bowled by Tim Southee in the second innings in the Bangalore Test against New Zealand. And this kind of dismissal of the world record holder, the scorer of a century of international centuries, has been seen right from the beginning of 2012. ‘Now, nine months on, every team’s analyst will tell every fast-bowling attack that, as New Zealand showed in recent weeks, anything over 135kph pitched up full and his feet and body won’t respond quickly or for long enough anymore.’

http://www.espncricinfo.com/magazine/content/story/581165.html?CMP=NLC-DLY

Martin Crowe’s career statistics:  http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/player/36622.html

Sweden leads but the Web remains a largely untapped resource in much of the world, 2012 Web Index, produced by Tim Berners-Lee’s World Wide Web Foundation

The Web Index, designed and produced by the World Wide Web Foundation, the public-spirited initiative of Tim Berners-Lee, is ‘the world’s first multi-dimensional measure of the Web’s growth, utility and impact on people and nations. It covers 61 developed and developing countries, incorporating indicators that assess the political, economic and social impact of the Web, as well as indicators of Web connectivity and infrastructure’. Here are the findings of the 2012 Web Index, the first in a planned annual series:

http://thewebindex.org/

pdf iconWeb_Foundation_2012-Web-Index-Key-Findings.pdf
pdf iconWeb_Foundation_2012-Web-Index-Snapshot.pdf
pdf iconWeb_Foundation_Web-Index-global-release.pdf

Digital photograph formats that are sharper and more detailed than JPEG

“…Another approach to capture tack-sharp and high-quality pictures is to photograph in raw. Working in raw is equivalent to generating a negative of the photo. The camera will photograph the image in a manner that is a whole lot sharper and more detailed than JPEG.”

The size of each image, however, is in the region of 30 MB, so fewer photographs per card.

RAW photographs can, of course, be converted to JPEG or other formats, and, in certain cases, “you can concurrently shoot in RAW and JPEG.”

For those who use Nikon, the Nikon Electronic Format (NEF) is Nikon’s RAW file format; see

http://www.nikonusa.com/Learn-And-Explore/Nikon-Camera-Technology/ftlzi4ri/1/Nikon-Electronic-Forma-NEF.html

(via Vikas Rawal)

‘Mitt Romney’s tax avoidance weakens bonds of American society’, Joseph Stiglitz in Guardian

‘Romney may not be a tax evader; only a thorough investigation by the US Internal Revenue Service could reach that conclusion. But…he certainly is a tax avoider on a grand scale. And, of course, the problem is not just Romney; writ large, his level of tax avoidance makes it difficult to finance the public goods without which a modern economy cannot flourish.

‘But, even more important, tax avoidance on Romney’s scale undermines belief in the system’s fundamental fairness, and thus weakens the bonds that hold a society together.’

http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/economics-blog/2012/sep/03/mitt-romney-tax-avoidance-society